Emerita, Vol 88, No 1 (2020)

Isonomia, demokratia y enfoque enactivo en Heródoto


https://doi.org/10.3989/emerita.2020.03.1943

Breno Battistin Sebastiani
USP/CNPq/Univaq, Brasil
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3777-6086

Delfim Ferreira Leão
Universidade de Coimbra, Centro de Estudos Clássicos e Humanísticos, Portugal
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8107-9165

Resumen


Siguiendo el enfoque enactivo aplicado por Popova (2015) a la narrativa, esta investigación se centra en dos grupos de metáforas en torno a las cuales Heródoto organizó sus percepciones sobre isonomia y demokratia: el cognitivo y el pragmático. En lugar de destacar las diferencias entre isonomia y demokratia, deseamos evidenciar interacciones acumulativas entre ambos conceptos, un proceso que nos permite dar sentido a una — demokratia — a través de la otra — isonomia. Este enfoque también es útil para transponer meditaciones de la Antigüedad sobre la democracia a contextos contemporáneos, no porque las democracias antiguas y contemporáneas sean similares, sino porque esas meditaciones son partes constitutivas de las metáforas de la democracia con las que vivimos actualmente, y cuyas raíces se pueden ver en los atributos que Heródoto le asigna en III 80-82 y V 66-73.

Palabras clave


isonomia; demokratia; enfoque enactivo; metáfora; Heródoto

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